The most preferred surgical instruments for tissue retraction

Human bodies are quite complicated. They have so many interrelated organs, blood vessels, tissues, muscles and bones to function as a whole. During surgery, this complex structure is explored using surgical instruments. Surgical instruments make it easier to perform many tasks that would be impossible with the hands alone. They increase the chances of successful surgery. There are many types of surgical instruments. Some are used to grab tissue, while others help cut them. In this article, we will learn more about surgical retractors.

Surgical retractors are used to retract tissue, skin, bones or organs to reach the surgical site. They help to increase the visibility of the surgical site. They provide an atraumatic retraction process and protect surrounding tissue from damage. They keep the incision or sores open during surgery.

Handheld computer

Portable surgical retractors require a person to hold them all the time during surgery. They come with ring handles or long round hands. Some also have malleable structures to easily fit into tight surgical sites.


Self-locking retractors are easy to use because they can be easily attached in one place. They keep the wound or incision open on their own during surgery. They don’t need someone to hold them.


There are many types of surgical retractors. Each type is designed for use in a specific surgical procedure.

  • Abdominal retractor

Abdominal retractors help retract abdominal tissue. There are both portable and self-locking retractors available for use during abdominal surgeries. For example, the Collin abdominal retractor, the Franz abdominal retractor, the Gosset abdominal retractor, the Fritsch abdominal retractor and the Balfour abdominal retractor.

  • Bladder retractor

Bladder retractors retract tissue, skin, and organs to expose the surgical site during bladder surgeries. They are easy to use and maneuver. They are made of stainless steel which makes them strong and durable, for example the Judd Masson retractor.

  • Cardiovascular and thoracic retractors

These retractors ensure atraumatic retraction of massive tissues during cardiovascular and thoracic procedures. They move the muscles aside to make it easier to visualize the surgical site. For example, Israel Retractor and Allison Lung Retractor.

  • Eye retractors

Our eyes are sensitive organs. These eye retractors allow atraumatic retraction of soft and delicate tissues without injuring them. They are used to retract the eyelid, iris, and tear sac. For example, the Desmarres lid retractor, the lacrimal sac retractor and the Mcgonnon iris retractor.

  • Neck Rake Retractors

Neck rake retractors are used during plastic surgeries to retract tissue. They feature blunt, sharp teeth. You can use one, two or three pins to retract the tissue.

  • Gynecological retractors

Gynecological retractors are used to examine the cervix and vagina. They help access deep surgical sites. Some of them also have a nylon coating for use during LEEP / LLETZ procedures. For example, LEEP / LLETZ Redundant Wall Vaginal Spreaders, Eastman Vaginal Spreaders, Jackson Vaginal Spreaders, Sims Vaginal Spreaders, and Doyen Vaginal Spreaders.

Can surgical retractors also retract bones?

Yes, some retractors like the Finochietto rib retractor are designed to retract ribs during thoracic procedures.

Where can I find surgical retractors?

You can get all of these affordable surgical instruments from GerMedUSA Inc. We have a wide range of high quality portable and self-retaining surgical retractors at economical prices. They are made of premium German stainless steel. They are autoclavable and reusable after sterilization.

Interesting Related Article: “Things to Consider When Buying Surgical Instruments”