Diabetes is thought to be an increased risk factor for COVID-19[female[feminine infection. New clinical data and experiments show it can work in the opposite direction: Scientists are recording new cases where COVID-19 has strongly caused type 1 diabetes in humans.
The World Health Organization considers diabetes to be one of the existing diseases, along with respectable age, that can make a person more vulnerable to serious infection with COVID.
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease with metabolic disorders in children or adults, which consists of a deficiency in insulin, as well as an increase in blood sugar. The disease is accompanied by weakness, constant thirst, poor healing of wounds on the skin, a weakened immune system, complicated by obesity, hypertension, heart and kidney failure.
COVID-19 belongs to a viral infection of the Coronavirus genus, which is poorly understood today and which has unforeseeable consequences. If a healthy body is still able to cope with the disease or its consequences, then people with diabetes mellitus and coronavirus, as well as other serious chronic diseases, are at risk of serious health problems, up to the death. Why is diabetes dangerous with the coronavirus, how to protect yourself from complications?
“Diabetes is like dynamite if you get COVID-19,” said Paul Zimmet, a scientist at Monash University in Australia. Zimmet believes that diabetes not only increases the risk of complications from the coronavirus, but COVID-19 can also cause the disease to develop suddenly.
How does Covid-19 affect diabetes?
Any serious illness in diabetics, including coronavirus, is characterized by:
- low resistance – the body is unable to cope with the pathogen;
- difficult recovery after any illness;
- concomitant complications of the cardiovascular, respiratory, central nervous system.
How is diabetes dangerous for Covid-19 and diabetes?
In diabetic pathology, the new viral strain poses a serious threat for the following reasons:
- increased risk of blood infection,
- complex prolonged course of pneumonia,
- as well as a high probability of respiratory failure.
When testing positive for COVID-19, it is important to control blood sugar, timely adjust the glycemic index. Otherwise, a favorable environment is created for the reproduction of pathogenic microflora, pneumonia is difficult to treat, literally exhausting the already weakened body.
To date, a direct link between the deaths of coronavirus patients in type 1 or type 2 diabetes has not been reliably determined. The statistics are relentless:
- more than 10% of deaths are patients with COVID-19 with underlying cardiovascular disease;
- about 7-8% – for patients with coronavirus and type 2 diabetes;
- 2-5% of mortality is recorded in patients with other serious pathologies of internal organs and systems.
What should people with diabetes do at the height of the epidemic and in quarantine?
Due to forced self-isolation, it is important to anticipate possible risks and follow these recommendations:
- stock up on insulin for replacement therapy;
- regularly monitor blood sugar levels;
- treat the hands and the meter with an antiseptic before performing a blood test;
- adhere to a heavy drinking regimen;
- control the intake of immunomodulatory drugs to stimulate systemic immunity;
- adhere to the self-isolation regime, without the need to leave the house, regularly ventilate the room;
- take vitamins, all drugs prescribed by a doctor;
- call a doctor at the first alarming symptoms.
There have been no recorded cases where diabetes was a side effect for COVID-19 patients. However, patients who have already been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus should be especially careful because the virus is more dangerous for them than for healthy people due to the weakened immune system. Be careful and follow all of your doctor’s recommendations, try to limit your socializing, and report any suspicious symptoms to hospital staff immediately. Don’t be indifferent. Every minute can save your life.
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